In the early years of the twenty-first century, humanity witnessed many vast and profound changes in the world, especially the extremely rapid development of the modern S&T revolution, characterized by high-tech industries such as information technology, biotechnology, new materials technology – nanotechnology, new energy technologies, aerospace and aerospace technology are having a profound impact on all fields of life, economics, international governance, changing the face of contemporary world.
In that great development, the mechanical engineering industry plays a fundamental role and has a presence in almost all socio-economic fields of the international community.
Therefore, the development trend of Science and Technology for mechanical manufacturing is still focused and mainly focuses on developing the following fields:
▪️ ▪️ Design and Manufacturing Process:
Continuing to research and upgrade CAD / CAM system, focusing on developing various types of application software, convenient intelligent software in human-machine interface, meeting the increasing demands in design and design. manufacturing.
By 2030, will fundamentally change the way design is designed, with designers mainly working on online computers (On-Line). Product design using intellectual materials.
Design and plan digital and virtual fabrication. Modular design approach for continuous fabrication systems.
Focus more on automating the production lines, the most advanced processes. Development of nanoscale machining (in the 0.1-100 nano range) for the creation of nanostructures. Molecular fabrication to build systems at the atomic or molecular level.
Focusing on research to create knowledge-intensive technologies to develop compact, lightweight mechanical products with less material consumption, energy consumption and environmental friendliness. Research and develop new automatic technology based on the application of intelligent human-machine interface.
Study of new robot concepts such as service robots, self-adaptive robots, cognitive robots, and self-governing robot swarms in manufacturing plants
▪️ ▪️ Manufacturing materials:
Continuing research to create new knowledge about high-quality manufacturing materials, intelligent materials for manufacturing processes. Research on materials using a lot of knowledge (glass ceramics, ceramic-glass composites and conductive glass). Studying the ordering in polymer homogeneous blocks.
Continuing to research on lithography technology with new materials, the stability of 3D nanostructures. Study of the integration of nano-molecular levels in chemical technology and industrial machining materials. Research and apply widely in the manufacturing industry of new nanomaterials, bio-materials and composite materials.
▪️ ▪️ Nano science and nano technology:
Continuing to study the possibility of fabricating high-complex and super-complex nanostructures. Fabrication of nano-devices under 20 nm, fabrication of complex and multi-integrated 3D nanostructures. Development of models integrating a variety of new nano-fabrication technologies. Research on nanosensor devices, synthesize homogeneous nanotubes, fabricate fulleren nanowires and nanoparticles, develop nanostructures from a variety of materials. Research and manufacture of nano-sized motors and nano-sized machines.
▪ Manufacturing technology:
Development of unlimited intelligent manufacturing systems (Intelligent Manufacturing Systems – IMS).
Intelligent System (IS) holds great promise in future industrial automation manufacturing processes and businesses.
These systems are attracting the growing interest of industries and are being applied to the entire range of manufacturing activities to make them globally competitive. The value and impact of IS technologies are even greater than that of previous industrial revolutions, contributing to a new era of manufacturing industries. IS is defined as systems in which some aspects of human intelligence are simulated and actively applied in order to perform tasks.
Moreover, IS also strives to enhance the human-like capacity to perceive, reason and make action decisions. IS enables machines / equipment to predict requirements and respond effectively in complex, unpredictable and unpredictable situations.
According to STO